This newly released report, titled ‘Practitioner Expertise to Optimise Community Health Systems: Harnessing Operational Insight’ examines how CHWs can successfully be integrated into national health systems, subsequently contributing towards efforts to achieve Universal Health Coverage.
Health Surveillance Assistants (HSAs) have been providing integrated community case management (iCCM) for sick children in Malawi since 2008. HSAs report monthly iCCM program data but, at the time of this study, little of it was being used for service improvement. Additionally, HSAs and facility health workers did not have the tools to compile and visualize the data they collected to make evidence-based program decisions.
This report is the first National Community Health Strategy Malawi has produced, spanning from 2017 to 2022. This strategy is intended to work towards achieving Millennium Development Goal number three: universal health care. The main focus of this strategy include: integration of health services, community engagement, and sufficient and equitable distribution of well-trained community health workforce. Efforts will also support maintaining sufficient supplies, transportation, and infrastructure. This strategy provides a guide and framework to introduce community health into the pre-exi
The objective of this paper was to assess if training Health Surveillance Assistants (HSAs) in couples counseling would increase modern family planning uptake among young women in Malawi. In this cluster randomized controlled trial, 30 HSAs from Lilongwe, Malawi received training in family planning. The HSAs were then randomized 1:1 to receive or not receive additional training in couples counseling. All HSAs were asked to provide family planning counseling to women in their communities and record their contraceptive uptake over 6 months.
This study evaluated the effects of a social accountability approach, CARE’s Community Score Card (CSC), on reproductive health outcomes in Ntcheu district, Malawi using a cluster-randomized control design. Two independent cross-sectional surveys of women who had given birth in the last 12 months, at baseline and at two years post-baseline were conducted.
SPRING, in collaboration with USAID, has created a new CHW Nutrition Advocacy Tool, which consists of a series of PowerPoint slides with important data regarding key nutrition responsibilities for CHWs. Information in these slides identify current gaps in nutrition service delivery and advocates for increased commitment to nutrition in community health programs. Stakeholders can use these materials to identify which nutrition-related services CHWs can provide, prioritizes CHW responsibilities, and builds a stronger foundation of policies, tools, and systems for CHWs to conduct their work.
Maryse Kok's thesis aims to gain insight into how performance of CHWs in low-middle income countries (LMIC) can be improved, in order to contribute to the realization of better informed, more effective and sustainable CHW programmes and ultimately improved health status of poor and rural communities.
Due to deficiencies in low- and middle-income countries, policy makers are suggesting different methods to achieving universal health coverage. One strategy is the expansion of cadres of close-to-community providers, which plays an important role for connecting communities with the formal health sector. This poster from the Reachout Consortium identifies some of the challenges with this strategy and how to address quality-related issues for universal health coverage.
At the 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa in July 2016, Dr. Katie Simon presented findings from a study highlighting how community health workers can be utilized to address tuberculosis case detection, which often infects people living with HIV. This study found that intensified tuberculosis case finding (TB ICF) by CHWs was associated with a 20-fold increase in TB case detection at an antiretroviral therapy clinic in Malawi.
Mobile health, or “mHealth”, seeks to address the use of mobile technology to provide health services and information. Due to the increased risk in a child’s life during those weeks after birth, mHealth technologies can be utilized through referral and tracking of mothers and infants, decision support for CHW, CHW supervision, scheduling and tracking postpartum and postnatal visits, and teaching and counseling for mothers and families, among other uses. These case studies from Afghanistan, India, Malawi, and Indonesia reflect some of these uses.