To support quality CHW program design and implementation, USAID, UNICEF, the Community Health Impact Coalition, and Initiatives Inc. have updated and adapted the Community Health Worker Assessment and Improvement Matrix (CHW AIM) Program Functionality Matrix tool. This tool can be applied at district, regional, and national levels to identify and close gaps in design and implementation and, ultimately, enhance program performance.
This paper explores the role of CHWs in supporting South Africa’s HIV/AID treatment program. Interviews were conducted to examine the perceptions and experiences of CHWs who care for HIV/AIDS patients in anti-retroviral treatment (ART).
With the urgency of the HIV and TB epidemics in some low and middle-income countries, prevalent chronic diseases such as hypertension are often neglected by health services. This study assesses whether task-shifting from nurses to lay health workers (LHWs) improves the management of hypertension in rural primary healthcare clinics in South Africa.
Despite psychiatric disorders contributing to a significant portion of the global disease burden, insufficient access to mental health services is widespread. This study examined its CHW mental health training program, developed in close collaboration with the Western Cape Department of Health, and evaluates the program’s success in improving the knowledge, skill and confidence among trained CHWs and expanding access to mental health services.
This cross-sectional study assessed the current roles, training, and knowledge of CHWs about diabetes and hypertension in Khayelitsha, Cape Town. One hundred and fifty CHWs from two non-governmental organisations required to provide non-communicable disease care as part of a comprehensive package of services were interviewed. Results indicate that roles were broad and varied, training was seen to be unstandardized and haphazard, and basic knowledge about diabetes and hypertension was poor among the CHWs.
This cross case analysis of leadership and governance roles involved in implementing large-scale community health worker programs at sub-national level. The authors identified four key roles for leaders and governments in implementing these programs.