Video Spotlight

"'I'm a Health Worker' - Abduaraman Gidi" made by IntraHealth International.

Human resource constraints and the prospect of task-sharing among community health workers for the detection of early signs of pre-eclampsia in Ogun State, Nigeria

Task-sharing expands the responsibilities of low-cadre health workers and allows them to share these responsibilities with highly qualified healthcare providers in an effort to best utilize available human resources. This study is part of a larger community-based trial evaluating the acceptability of community treatment for severe pre-eclampsia and examines the prospect for task-sharing among community health extension workers (CHEW) for the detection of early signs of pre-eclampsia in Ogun State, Nigeria. 

Mobile Technology in Support of Frontline Health Workers

This report summarizes current data from over 140 FHW-supported mHealth projects from developing countries to describe the emergent trends and best practices in the use of mobile phones, tablets, and technical platforms by FHWs over the last decade, understand the key considerations in choosing the type pf phone and platform and associated programmatic costs, present the evidence on the effectiveness of mobile approaches, and establish
a framework for systematically deploying such tools.  

Unlocking the community health workforce potential, post-Ebola: what models and strategies work?

The Ebola pandemic of 2014-16 demonstrated the crucial role of the community health workforce in preventing, responding to, and effectively treating health emergencies. As the West Africa region rebuilds its health systems after Ebola, countries and communities have identified a need to develop strategies and plans to embed the role of the community health worker (CHW) as a foundation of an effective healthcare system. 

Performance of Community Health Workers: Optimizing the Benefits of their Unique Position between Communities and the Health Sector

Maryse Kok's thesis aims to gain insight into how performance of CHWs in low-middle income countries (LMIC) can be improved, in order to contribute to the realization of better informed, more effective and sustainable CHW programmes and ultimately improved health status of poor and rural communities. 

Community health workers for universal health-care coverage: from fragmentation to synergy

To achieve universal health coverage, health systems will have to reach into every community, including the poorest and hardest to access. Since Alma-Ata, inconsistent support of community health workers (CHWs) and failure to integrate them into the health system have impeded full realization of their potential contribution in the context of primary health care.

Safety and Acceptability of Community-Based Distribution of Injectable Contraceptives: A Pilot Project in Mozambique

Mozambique has witnessed a climbing total fertility rate in the last 20 years. Nearly one-third of married women have an unmet need for family planning, but the supply of family planning services is not meeting the demand.

Challenges Facing Successful Scaling Up of Effective Screening for Cardiovascular Disease by Community Health Workers in Mexico and South Africa: Policy Implications

The integration of community health workers (CHWs) into primary and secondary prevention functions in health programs and services delivery in Mexico and South Africa has been demonstrated to be effective. This paper aims to identify barriers and challenges to these types of CHW programs by comparing the experiences of earlier studies with successful programs. Barriers reviewed include scale up issues, training and certification issues, integration issues, and funding gaps. The authors use this information to make policy recommendations about task-sharing CHW programs. 

Community point distribution of insecticide-treated bed nets and community health worker hang-up visits in rural Zambia: a decision-focused evaluation

In 2013, the Zambian Ministry of Health distributed over two million insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) using a door-to-door distribution strategy, and distributed more than six million ITNs in 2014. This research study measures attendance rates at community point distribution and examines the impact of follow-up community health worker visits on ITN retention and usage. This data has potential to inform ITN distribution strategies in Zambia. 

Balancing workload, motivation and job satisfaction in Rwanda: assessing the effect of adding family planning service provision to community health worker duties

While task shifting to CHWs is widely practiced to address healthcare provider shortages, it can add to an already heavy workload for CHWs. In order to reflect how CHWs perceive and react to their circumstances, this study combined perception and objective measures of workload to examine quality of services, worker performance, and job and client satisfaction. 

Industrial action by healthcare workers in Nigeria in 2013–2015: an inquiry into causes, consequences and control—a cross-sectional descriptive study

In the past 36 months, Nigeria has suffered several healthcare workers’ strikes, resulting in decreased access to quality healthcare for Nigerians. The researchers in this study aimed to identify the root cause(s) for these strikes and determine potential solutions. 150 Nigerian healthcare workers participated in a cross-sectional survey and questionnaire to reveal reasons for the strikes. Findings concluded that increased salaries and wages were among the most common reasons for strikes, though other issues were discussed as well. 

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