A meta-synthesis of the existing literature, this article examines 33 publications to identify the factors that enable community health workers to bring about behavior change. It explicitly recognizes the difference between full-time trained and salaried community health workers and part-time community volunteers and proposes an approach to better coordinating the community health workforce to serve health, behavior change and empowerment needs.
Healthy Fit is an intervention that uses CHWs to extend the public health infrastructure to reduce Hispanic health disparities in the US. This study evaluates the effectiveness of Healthy Fit in identifying the health needs of Hispanic Americans living on the US-Mexico border, and in helping participants access health services through CHW recommendations/referrals.
This mixed-methods study assesses a CHW-utilized mHealth platform, Mobile for Mothers, in India. It analyzes CHW perceptions of the technology and its usefulness, outcomes and the contextual factors that influence health seeking behavior.
This study examines the effects of community health workers on participation in the Heart Smarts program implemented by the Food Trust. Results show higher participant retention rates and lower blood pressure rates in stores that had community health workers. The authors suggest that having community health workers in other sites would increase the number of repeat visits and help in lowering participant blood pressure.
This study examines how Brazilian primary health care handles domestic violence against women. A gap between policies and practical application were found at local levels and community health workers were found to be critical to opening dialogue between women experiencing violence and the health care system.
This cross-sectional survey in the Philippines emphasizes the importance of community health workers in reaching the drug coverage rate 0d 75% set by WHO and increasing compliance with mass drug administration in the community.
The authors conducted a two-arm 2 year crossover trial to determine the effectiveness of clinical pharmacists and community health workers (CHWs) in increasing glycemic control among low-income ethnic minority populations. No significant difference was found between the clinical pharmacist and CHW team versus the clinical pharmacist working alone.
This community-based, cluster-randomised controlled trial in Nepal had female community health volunteers provide home counseling and blood pressure monitoring. The intervention resulted in a reduction of blood pressure for participants with hypertension and helps age-related blood pressure increases in adults.
This cluster-randomised study used an intervention group of female community health volunteers to reduce blood pressure. The authors saw no significant changes in lifestyle factors, though use of antihypertensive medicine and exercise increased, while salt intake decreased.
This qualitative study looks at the perceptions of community health workers on the outcomes of the Home-Based Neonatal Care Program in India. The authors found that having local women participate in development programs results in both the potential for self-development and the program objective.