Video Spotlight

"'I'm a Health Worker' - Abduaraman Gidi" made by IntraHealth International.

The contribution of female community health volunteers (FCHVs) to maternity care in Nepal: a qualitative study

This study looks at a group of community health workers know as Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHVs) and their role in reducing the maternal mortality ratio in Nepal. 

Abortion Care in Nepal, 15 Years After Legalization: Gaps in Access, Equity, and Quality

This paper discusses the role of community health workers in facilitating safe, legal abortions and addressing the stigma surrounding abortions. 

Incidence and risk factors of neonatal infections in a rural Bangladeshi population: a community-based prospective study

This study investigate the impact of two umbilical cord cleansing regimens on neonatal morality and morbidity in a rural region in the Sylhet District of Bangladesh. The study used  data from a previously performed community-based cluster-randomized trail. Community health workers checked the newborns for the first nine days of life for infections. The authors found that identifying and following up with high-risk mothers and newborns along with clean cord care can decrease the rate of neonatal infections and deaths. 

An integrated community health worker intervention in rural Nepal: a type 2 hybrid effectiveness-implementation study protocol

This study protocol outlines the type 2 hybrid effectiveness-implementation study that was used to test an integrated maternal and child health intervention based in the community health worker system in rural Nepal. 

Illness recognition and care-seeking for maternal and newborn complications in rural eastern Uganda

The authors conducted a cross-sectional study using 48 event narratives and 6 focus group discussions. Upon analyzing the collected qualitative data, it was found that community health workers and women's saving groups improved illness recognition, decision-making, care-seeking for maternal and newborn illness. 

Evaluation of a community-based intervention to improve maternal and neonatal health service coverage in the most rural and remote districts of Zambia

This paper outlines the outcomes in the coverage of maternal and neonatal health after the implementation of a community-based intervention called Safe Motherhood Action Groups in four districts in Zambia.

Determinants of knowledge of critical danger signs, safe childbirth and immediate newborn care practices among auxiliary midwives: a cross sectional survey in Myanmar

This cross-sectional study found that many of the auxiliary midwives were unable to recognize the majority of critical danger signs for childbirth. The paper also found a low level of knowledge about safe childbirth and immediate newborn care practices. 

The potential of task-shifting in scaling up services for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: a time and motion study in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

This paper looks at the potential to shift prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV tasks from nurses to community health workers (CHWs). This study measures the time nurses dedicate to these activities in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in order to estimate the potential cost savings of having CHWs take up these tasks. The paper found that task-shifting could allow nurses to focus on more specialized tasks, while reducing the average cost per patient. 

Comprehensive review of the evidence regarding the effectiveness of community–based primary health care in improving maternal, neonatal and child health: 3. neonatal health findings

This is chapter 3 of Engaging Communities for Improving Mothers’ and Children’s Health: Reviewing the Evidence of Effectiveness in Resource-Constrained Settings. This chapter is a review of community–based primary health care programs, projects, and research studies that aimed to improve health of newborns during their first 28 days of life.

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