The hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and postpartum haemorrhage are responsible for nearly 40% of all maternal deaths in India. Most of these deaths occur in primary health settings which frequently lack essential equipment and medication, are understaffed and have limited or no access to specialist care. Community health care workers are regarded as essential providers of basic maternity care; and the quality of care they provide is dependent on the level of knowledge and skills they possess.
Pre-eclampsia is a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Early detection and treatment have been instrumental in reducing case fatality in high-income countries. This study was part of a multi-country evaluation of community treatment of pre-eclampsia to determine community health workers' knowledge and practice in the identification and treatment of pre-eclampsia, as they are essential providers of maternal care services in Nigeria.
Task-sharing expands the responsibilities of low-cadre health workers and allows them to share these responsibilities with highly qualified healthcare providers in an effort to best utilize available human resources. This study is part of a larger community-based trial evaluating the acceptability of community treatment for severe pre-eclampsia and examines the prospect for task-sharing among community health extension workers (CHEW) for the detection of early signs of pre-eclampsia in Ogun State, Nigeria.
The Ebola pandemic of 2014-16 demonstrated the crucial role of the community health workforce in preventing, responding to, and effectively treating health emergencies. As the West Africa region rebuilds its health systems after Ebola, countries and communities have identified a need to develop strategies and plans to embed the role of the community health worker (CHW) as a foundation of an effective healthcare system.
Maryse Kok's thesis aims to gain insight into how performance of CHWs in low-middle income countries (LMIC) can be improved, in order to contribute to the realization of better informed, more effective and sustainable CHW programmes and ultimately improved health status of poor and rural communities.
An evaluation of trauma-informed support, skills, and psychoeducation interventions provided by CHWs on depressive symptoms, dysfunction, post-traumatic stress, traumatic grief and anxiety symptoms was conducted in the northern Dohuk region of Kurdistan Iraq. Recruited community health workers included pharmacists, nurses, and physician assistants without any prior formal mental health training.
Mozambique has witnessed a climbing total fertility rate in the last 20 years. Nearly one-third of married women have an unmet need for family planning, but the supply of family planning services is not meeting the demand.
The integration of community health workers (CHWs) into primary and secondary prevention functions in health programs and services delivery in Mexico and South Africa has been demonstrated to be effective. This paper aims to identify barriers and challenges to these types of CHW programs by comparing the experiences of earlier studies with successful programs. Barriers reviewed include scale up issues, training and certification issues, integration issues, and funding gaps. The authors use this information to make policy recommendations about task-sharing CHW programs.
The FCHV Program in Nepal was initiated in 1988/89 with the goal of supporting national health through community involvement. Currently there are 52,000 FCHVs with varying roles and responsibilities related to health. This presentation discusses the 2014 survey aimed at understanding FCHVs perceptions of their work, as well as the communities’ perceptions of FCHVs. Using a mixed methods strategy, researchers conducted a cross-sectional assessment of 13 domains in Nepal.