During the past 10 years, community health workers (CHWs) have emerged as a focal point of international discussions on primary health-care systems. Although lay community-based health workers have been active for at least 60 years, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2000 prompted new discussion of how these workers can help to extend primary health care from facilities to communities. CHWs have since been part of an international attempt to revise primary health-care delivery in low-income settings, and CHW programmes have been changed accordingly.
Although CHW programs are prevalent, little formal research has been conducted on CHW training programs or their effectiveness. To begin to address this a literature review was conducted to curate research regarding CHW training programs and curricula. This literature review identifies, synthesizes, and analyzes a wide body of literature related to CHW training in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.
CHWs provide critical health services to populations that lack access to services at health facilities. Well-trained and supplied CHWs can have positive impacts on health, but little is known about the adequacy, cost, or effectiveness of training models to prepare CHWs. This report analyzes key pieces of literature on CHW training and provides recommendations and next steps on how to improve CHW training.
This article takes up the relatively neglected issue of gender in human resources policy and planning (HRPP), with particular reference to the health sector in developing countries. Current approaches to human resources lack any reference to gender issues. Meeting the health needs of women as major users and potential beneficiaries of health services is a key international concern.
This report, developed in The Center for the Health Professions at the University of California, San Francisco, explores the role of community health workers and promotores in California. It reviews the history and background of the movement, work and practice patterns such as education, demographics, wages and training, and issues of credentialing and certification, regulation, and policy concerns for Latino promotores in California.
This publication aimed to conduct a thematic review of how mHealth projects have approached the intersection of cellular technology and public health in low- and middle-income countries and identify the promising practices and experiences learned, as well as novel and innovative approaches of how mHealth can support community health workers.
Malaria Consortium has had extensive experience designing, developing, implementing and evaluating a variety of job aids. An integral part of our work is to strengthen capacity and improve the performance of health workers to be able to prevent, diagnose, treat and care for groups most at risk of malaria and other communicable diseases.
Community health workers (CHWs) are an increasingly important component of health systems and programs. This study was conducted to determine the impact of supervision strategies used in low- and middle- income countries and discuss implementation and feasibility issues with a focus on CHWs.