This study examines the effects of community health workers on participation in the Heart Smarts program implemented by the Food Trust. Results show higher participant retention rates and lower blood pressure rates in stores that had community health workers. The authors suggest that having community health workers in other sites would increase the number of repeat visits and help in lowering participant blood pressure.
This review covers studies published since 2005 that involve attrition rates of health workers. Understanding attrition from the health workforce is critical to workforce planning, especially since many places have shortages of health workers.
This resource from USAID and MCHIP provides an overview of large-scale CHW programs from 13 countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Brazil, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Rwanda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Case studies address the historical context of CHWs, the health needs of the country, the scope of work of the CHWs, CHW training, support and supervision, and financing of CHW programs. The demonstrated impact and continuing challenges of the different programs are also addressed.
In Madagascar 83% of the country’s 22.9 million people live in rural areas that can be difficult to access. CHWs play a crucial role in providing access to healthcare in those parts of the country that are underserved. Over 34,000 CHWs work to extend basic health services such as maternal and child health, family planning and reproductive health, nutrition, TB, and sanitation services. This study seeks to examine the influence both financial and non-financial incentives have on CHW program performance and retention in Madagascar.
In light of the health worker shortage due to the post-conflict period and Ebola crisis in Sierra Leone, it is crucially important to understand different motivation factors for rural health workers, including doctors, nurses, midwives and Community Health Workers. Researchers conducted 23 participatory life histories with health workers, revealing that the context of the rural healthcare setting makes it difficult for health workers to conduct their work. These findings could be used to influence policy and help build a more robust rural healthcare workforce.
For India’s public health system to deliver effectively, it is imperative that policymakers place a strategic focus on tackling persistent HRH issues such as chronic shortage of health workers, unbalanced skill mix in the existing health workforce, and inequitable urban-rural distribution of health workers. Taking optimal health care to the farthest corners of the country is critical to the vision of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare for comprehensive and integrated health services.
This report, developed in The Center for the Health Professions at the University of California, San Francisco, explores the role of community health workers and promotores in California. It reviews the history and background of the movement, work and practice patterns such as education, demographics, wages and training, and issues of credentialing and certification, regulation, and policy concerns for Latino promotores in California.
This publication aimed to conduct a thematic review of how mHealth projects have approached the intersection of cellular technology and public health in low- and middle-income countries and identify the promising practices and experiences learned, as well as novel and innovative approaches of how mHealth can support community health workers.